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FAQs

About Unit Trusts

What is a unit trust?

A trust has been described as: “…the relationship between a person and persons called the trustee(s) who owns or holds property… for the benefit of another person or persons called beneficiaries.”

When the interest of the beneficiaries is divided into units, the trust is called a unit trust. A unit trust is therefore simply a vehicle for pooling the investment resources of a number of individual investors.

The unit trust is constituted through a document known as a Deed which brings together and binds the various parties to the Deed.

Investors with common investment objectives pool their savings into a Fund managed by professional fund managers. A unit trust fund is normally a medium to long term investment vehicle.

The Fund will be invested in a diversified portfolio of equities, fixed income instruments, and other assets in accordance with the objective of the Fund and as permitted by the Deed and the Guidelines.

Therefore, a unit trust will provide investors with the opportunity to invest in a well-diversified portfolio of investments, which they would not have been able to as an individual investor.

 

What are the benefits of investing in a unit trust?

The benefits of investing in unit trust include:

Diversification

Diversification involves spreading investments across a broad range of different asset classes to reduce risk. A mixture of cash, fixed income instruments and shares means that the effect of temporary downturn in a particular asset sector will have less effect on the overall returns. Unit trust funds provide you the advantage of diversification, which may not be available to you otherwise.

Professional Fund Management

The professional fund managers make investment decisions based on extensive ongoing research of various factors such as economic trends, market trends and financial strengths of the company they invest in. Professional fund management has long been available to large institutions and high net worth investors. Unit trust funds make this kind of financial expertise accessible to everyone.

Liquidity

With unit trust investments, the manager is obliged by law to repurchase your unit trust investments when asked by you to do so. You may redeem all or part of your units on any business day. This element of liquidity is a very important consideration and benefits that unit trust investments have over other forms of investment.

Security – Independent Trustee / Custodian

Your interests are protected by the provision of an independent trustee (who acts as a custodian) to hold the fund’s assets for them and oversee their interests on an ongoing basis.

Convenience

You are relieved of substantial administrative burden and time spent in direct research, trading and managing of the funds. These duties will be conducted by the manager. You will be relieved from the tedious task of keeping records on managing stocks and shares, investments research, and market analysis.

Potential Medium to Long Term Capital Gain

A unit trust investment can be used to provide for longer term needs such as children’s education or better retirement savings. By investing in securities, unit trust investment provides the opportunity to reap capital gains (if any) as part of the returns on your investments.

Low and Affordable Capital Outlay

You are usually needs only a small initial capital (e.g. RM1,000) to invest in a professionally managed portfolio of many securities held by a unit trust fund as compared to a usually higher amount needed for investing directly into the capital markets, and enjoy the same benefit accorded to others when investing in high-priced securities. Furthermore, additional investments in unit trust fund are usually made in even smaller sum (e.g. RM100).

Attach the required documents

  • Account Application Form (Individual)
  • Transaction Form – Investment

Risk of Unit Trusts

Shariah-compliant equities and Shariah-compliant equity related securities risk

As the investments of the Fund will be in Shariah-compliant equities and Shariah-compliant equity related securities, the Fund will be affected by equity risk. Generally, equity risk may arise in the following forms, i.e., equity risks related to external factors and equity risks related to company-specific factors. All of these related equity risks can adversely affect the prices of equities, which would negatively impact the performance of the Fund.

Equity risks related to external factors include economic, political or general market factors which impact equities generally. For example, adverse political developments may cause the economy of the country in which the Fund invests in to become unstable, which in turn affects the profitability of a company that operates in that country due to weakening of the economy.

Equity risks related to company-specific factors include how the companies in which the Fund invests are managed; the performance of any given company depends on the quality of its management. A company that has a competent management with the necessary experience and skill sets will contribute to the effectiveness of the operations of the company as indicated by such metrics as revenue growth and profitability. Company specific factors also include how the company is doing relative to its competitors or other companies in its industry or related industries.

These types of equity risks can work individually or in combination to negatively affect the value of Shariah-compliant equities and Shariah-compliant equity related securities held by the Fund.

Currency risk

The value of foreign investments will reflect the currency movements. Fluctuations in the denominated currencies of the Shariah-compliant foreign shares and Islamic bonds or sukuk will affect the price of the Units.

Inflation Risks

The purchasing power of income received from unit trust investments may not keep pace with inflation.

Country risk

The Shariah-compliant stock prices may be affected by the political and economic conditions of the country in which the Shariah-compliant stocks are listed. Unexpected events may stop the Manager from realising the full value of assets in those countries.

Reclassification of Shariah status risk

This risk refers to the risk that the currently held Shariah-compliant securities in the portfolio of the Funds may be reclassified as Shariah non-compliant in the periodic review of the securities by the SACSC, the Shariah Adviser or the Shariah boards of the relevant Islamic indices. If this occurs, the Manager will take the necessary steps to dispose of such securities. There may be opportunity loss to the Funds due to the Funds not being allowed to retain the excess capital gains derived from the disposal of the Shariah non-compliant securities. The value of the Funds may also be adversely affected in the event of a disposal of Shariah non-compliant securities at a price lower than the investment cost.

Liquidity risk

This risk occurs in thinly traded or illiquid Shariah-compliant securities. Should the Funds need to sell a relatively large amount of such securities, the act itself may significantly depress the Selling Price. The risk may be minimised by placing a prudent level of funds in short-term Islamic deposits and by investing in Shariah-compliant stocks whose liquidity is adjudged to commensurate with the expected level of the Funds.

Credit/Default risk

This risk relates to Funds’ investment in sukuk and/or sale of Shariah-compliant securities, Islamic money market instruments and Islamic deposit placements. The Financial institution in which the Funds invest in may not be able to make the required profit payments or repayment of principal. The Funds could lose money if the issuer or guarantor of an sukuk, or the counterpart to a loan of portfolio securities, is unable or unwilling to make timely principal and/or profit payments, or to otherwise honour its obligations.

Shariah-compliant warrants risk

The Funds may also invest in Shariah-compliant warrants. The price of Shariah-compliant warrants is typically linked to the underlying stocks. However, the price and performance of such Shariah-compliant warrants will generally fluctuate more than the underlying stocks because of the greater volatility of the warrants market. Generally, as the Shariah-compliant warrants have a limited life, they will depreciate in value as they approach their maturity date, assuming that all other factors remain unchanged. Shariah-compliant warrants that are not exercised at maturity become worthless and negatively affect the NAV of the Funds.

Islamic collective investment schemes risk

The NAV of the Funds may be affected by its investments in Islamic collective investment schemes. For example, the performance of the Islamic collective investment schemes may be adversely affected due to various factors such as poor market conditions as well as the respective fund manager’s capabilities. As a result, the performance of the Funds may be adversely impacted.

Emerging market risk

Potential investors should be aware that investments in emerging markets may involve a higher degree of risk than investments in developed markets. A portfolio consequently may experience greater price volatility and significantly lower liquidity than a portfolio invested solely in equity securities of issuers located in more developed markets.

Investments in emerging market securities entail significant risks in addition to those customarily associated with investing in securities of issuers in more developed markets, such as:

  1. low or non-existent trading volume, resulting in a lack of liquidity and increased volatility in prices for such securities, as compared to securities of comparable issuers in more developed markets;
  2. uncertain national policies and social, political and economic instability, increases the potential for expropriation of assets, confiscatory taxation, high rates of inflation or unfavourable diplomatic developments;
  3. possible fluctuations in exchange rates, differing legal systems and the existence or possible imposition of exchange controls, custodial restrictions or other laws or restrictions applicable to such investments;
  4. national policies which may limit a portfolio’s investment opportunities such as restrictions on investment in issuers or industries deemed sensitive to national interests; and
  5. the lack or relatively early development of legal structures governing private and foreign investments and private property. Other risks relating to investments in emerging market issuers include the availability of less public information on issuers of securities, settlement practices that differ from those in more developed markets may result in delays or may not fully protect a portfolio against the loss or theft of assets, the possibility of nationalisation of a company or industry and expropriation or confiscatory taxation and the imposition of foreign taxes.

Investments in emerging markets securities may also result in generally higher expenses due to the costs of currency exchange, higher brokerage commissions in certain emerging markets and the expense of maintaining securities with foreign custodians. Issuers in emerging markets may not be subject to accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards and requirements comparable to those to which companies in developed markets are subject to.

License risk

This risk is associated with investment in Shariah-compliant securities listed in a country which requires a license prior to making an investment in the said country such as Vietnam. Such license may be revoked or not be renewed should the Manager breaches the relevant regulations of the said country. If this occurs, the Fund will have to liquidate all stocks listed on the exchanges in the said country within the stipulated period. The liquidation may be performed at a loss, hence affecting the NAV of the Fund. This risk may be reduced, if the Manager diligently observes and complies with the relevant regulations of the said country.

Taxation risk

The Fund may be subject to taxation resulting, for example, from income or realized capital gains attributable to certain securities. In certain cases, a double taxation treaty may exist and serve to eliminate or ameliorate the effect of such taxation. In other cases, no such double taxation treaty may exist.

Economic risk

Prospective investor should be aware that the price of Units and the income from their investments may go down or up in response to changes in interest rates, foreign exchange, economic and political condition and the earnings of incorporations making up in the portfolio of the Fund. Economic risk is managed through portfolio diversification and asset allocation and monitoring of investment portfolio by professional fund manager and the investment committee, with the aim to minimise securities exposure in the event of anticipated market weaknesses.

 

Prospective Unit Holders/investors are reminded that the aforementioned risks may not be exhaustive and if necessary, please consult your adviser(s), e.g. banker, lawyer, independent financial adviser and/or other professional who has the knowledge to advise and/or to assist you to better understand your risk.

The different asset classes generally exhibit different levels of risks. It is important to note that events affecting the value of your investments cannot always be foreseen. Therefore, it is not always possible to protect your investment against all risks.

Who Should Invest?

There is a wide and ever increasing range of unit trusts available. Funds are classified as into different sectors depending on the objective of the funds.

Different combinations of the above factors will lead to differing levels of risk. In today’s competitive environment, there is practically a unit trust fund that caters to every level of risk tolerance for each individual investor. Hence, there is a fund for everyone.

Which fund should I invest in?

The type of fund you choose will be dependent upon your investment objective, time horizon and risk tolerance (i.e. the amount of risk you are prepared to take). An investor seeking security and stable income streams should opt for an income fund where the associated risks are lower. A more aggressive investor who is relatively younger, of good health and with no dependents should opt for a either a balanced or growth fund where the associated risks are generally higher.

Islamic Unit Trust Funds

What is an Islamic Unit Trust Fund?

Islamic Unit Trust Funds, more commonly referred to as Shariah funds are a group of specialized collective investment funds which offer investors the opportunity to invest in a diversified portfolio of securities that are managed and selected by professional portfolio managers in accordance to Shariah principles.

What is the difference between an Islamic and non-Islamic unit trust fund?

A Shariah Fund offers similar benefits to any other fund with the same investment objective; the only difference is that it only invests in companies that are in compliance with the Shariah principles as outlined by the Shariah Advisory Council (SAC) of the Malaysian Securities Commission. Like all the other non-Islamic Funds in Malaysia, Shariah Funds are regulated by the Securities Commission and placed under the same stringent regulatory criteria.

What kinds of companies are Shariah Funds allowed to invest in?

In classifying these securities as approved securities, the SAC has applied a standard criterion in focusing on the core activities of the companies listed on the Bursa Malaysia.

Companies whose core activities are not contrary to the Shariah principles are classified as approved securities. The securities that are excluded from the list of approved securities are based on the following criteria:

  • Financial services based on riba (interest);
  • Gambling;
  • Manufacture or sale of non-halal products or related products;
  • Conventional insurance;
  • Entertainment activities that are non-permissible according to Shariah;
  • Manufacture or sale of tobacco-based products or related to Shariah;
  • Strockbroking or share trading in Shariah non-approved securities; and
  • Other activities deemed non-permissible according to Shariah.

In addition, companies with activities involving both permissible and non-permissible elements must have good public perception or image and that the core activities of the company are important and considered maslahah (‘benefit’ in general) to the Muslim ummah (nation) and the country, and the non-permissible element is very small and involves matters such as ‘umumbalwa (common plight and difficult to avoid) ‘uruf (custom) and the rights of the non-Muslim community which are accepted by Islam.

Can Non-Muslims Invest in Shariah Based Unit Trust Funds?

Yes, Shariah based funds are opened to all investors.

Investing with Pheim Unit Trusts

What are the funds managed by Pheim Unit Trusts Berhad?

They include:

  • Pheim Emerging Companies Balanced Fund
  • Dana Makmur Pheim
  • Pheim Income Fund
  • Pheim Asia Ex-Japan Fund
  • Pheim Asia Ex-Japan Islamic Fund
  • Pheim Greater China Islamic Fund
  • Pheim ASEAN Islamic Fund
  • Pheim Global ESG Islamic Fund

Who is the External Investment Manager?

The External Investment Manager are Pheim Asset Management Sdn Bhd and Pheim Islamic Asset Management Sdn Bhd.

How am I kept informed about my unit trust?

  • The NAV per unit, selling and buying prices are published on T+2 day in the leading daily newspapers and can also be obtained directly from Pheim Unit Trusts through this website. (click here)
  • Upon receipt of your completed application form, the required document(s) and payment, a Temporary Receipt will be issued followed by an Acknowledgement of Investment will be sent to you once the payment has been cleared by the bank.
  • A statement of investment will be sent every six months. It shows the balance of units together with all transactions made since the last statement.
  • The annual/ interim report will be sent to you within 2 months of a Fund’s financial year end or mid financial year.

When the Fund distributes its income, we will send you the income distribution voucher (Tax Voucher), which sets out the information that is needed to complete a tax return.

What are the fees and charges involved in investing with Pheim?

Sales Charge

  • For PECBF, DMP, PAXJ, PAXJI, PGCIF, PAIF and PGEIF – the maximum sales charges are – Manager (5%); Individual Agent for the Manager (5%); and Institutional Unit Trust Agent (5%).
  • No sales charge for PIF.

Annual Management Fee

  • For PECBF, DMP, PAXJ PAXJI, PGCIF, PAIF and PGEIF – 1.5% p.a. of the Fund’s NAV. The fee is calculated daily and paid to the Manager on a monthly basis.
  • PIF – 1.0% p.a. of the Fund’s NAV. The fee is calculated daily and paid to the Manager on a monthly basis.

Trustee Fee

  • For PECBF, DMP, PIF, PAXJ and PAXJI: 0.07% p.a. of the Fund’s NAV subject to a minimum fee of RM18,000/- (excluding foreign sub-custodian fee).
  • For PGCIF, PAIF and PGEIF: 0.055% p.a. of the Fund’s NAV subject to a minimum fee of RM15,000/- (excluding foreign sub-custodian fee).
  • The fee is calculated daily and paid to the Trustee on a monthly basis.

Switching

  • There is no limit as to the frequency of switches. You will be given one (1) free switch per account within a calendar year (i.e. January to December).
  • For any subsequent switching request during the year, you will be charged a 1% switching fee of the repurchase proceeds or RM100, which ever is lower, which will be deducted from the repurchase proceeds.
  • Switching from Shariah-based fund to a conventional fund is discouraged especially for Muslim unitholders.

For a full tabulation of the applicable fees and charges, kindly refer to the prospectus for more information.

What should I do if I need to change my particulars?

Any change of personal particulars must filling Updating Particular Form and e-mail or fax to us. Click here to download Updating Particular Form

Can I transfer my investment?

Yes!

  • A unit holder can transfer all or some of his investments to another person within the same fund. The minimum transfer is 1,000 units.
  • A transfer fee of RM50 is incurred per transfer but Pheim Unit Trusts has the right to accept or refuse to register a transfer.
  • The procedure for transfer is as follows:
    • Fill up the transaction form and indicate that it is a transfer
    • Both the transferor and the transferee must sign the form

If the transferee is not an account holder, then the transferee has to open an account by filling in the Trust Application Form.

Investing with Pheim Unit Trusts

How do I invest?

For individuals, please click here.

How do I make an additional investment?

Please click here.

What is the maximum investment amount?

There is no maximum limit on the amount invested.

Is there a Regular Investment Plan and if so, how do I invest?

Yes. An investor may enter into an agreement with Pheim Unit Trusts Berhad to make regular investment in a Fund on behalf of the investor. These payments can be for a set amount (subject to a minimum investment amount of RM100) at regular intervals such as monthly or quarterly.

What is the frequency of the regular investment?

Monthly or quarterly

What does cooling off rights refer to?

A cooling-off right is a grace period for qualified investors to reconsider their investments. It refers to the rights of an investor to obtain a refund of his investment in the Fund. The cooling-off period of any Fund is 6 business days commencing from the date of receipt of the application form and payment of investment in the Fund.

Qualified investor refers to investor who invest for the first time in any of our Fund and exclude corporation or intitution, staff of PUTB and persons registered to deal in unit trusts of PUTB.

The refund for every unit held by you pursuant to the exercise of his cooling-off right shall be the sum of:

a) the NAV per unit on the day the units were first purchased; and
b) the sales charge per unit originally imposed on the day the units were purchased.

Investors applying for units through EPF Member’s Invesment Scheme may be subject to the terms and conditions imposed by the EPF. The cooling-off period for this scheme starts from the day the payment is received from EPF.

When a cooling-off right is exercised, the money will be refunded to the applicant within 10 days of receipt of the notice of cooling-off by the Manager. For EPF investment, the cooling-off proceeds will be returned to EPF for the credit of the said applicant’s account.

Withdrawals & Switches

Can unit holders withdraw their investments?

  • A unit holder may withdraw all or part of his/her units on any business day subject to a minimum redemption amount of at least 500 units.
  • If a unit holder wishes to withdraw all of his/her units, the minimum redemption amount above will not apply.
  • If a unit holder wishes to withdraw part of his/her units, he/she is advised to always maintain an account balance of 1,000 units. Pheim Unit Trusts reserves the right to levy an Account Maintenance Fee of RM10 in the event the Units of a Fund held by a unit holder are below 1,000 units.
  • The withdrawal process is as such:

Please click here for more details on withdrawals.

How long will it take to receive my withdrawal (i.e. redemption) proceeds?

A valid redemption request before the cut-off time ( 4.00 p.m.) on any business day will be processed on the same day using the price set at the close of the business day (forward pricing).

If the said redemption request is received after the cut-off time, the redemption request will be processed on the next business day using the price set at the close of that business day.

If the application is received on a non-business day, the redemption will be processed on the next business day using the price set at the close of that business day.

Pheim Unit Trusts will pay the proceeds to the unit holder within 10 calendar days upon the receipt of the complete redemption documents.

How am I paid when I sell my units?

All redemptions will be paid via a crossed check to the unit holder under his/her name.

Can I submit one transaction form for different transactions?

No. Each transaction must be filled in a separate transaction form i.e. unit holders who wish to do a switch and a transfer must fill out two (2) separate transaction forms.

Can I request that the Management Company make my withdrawals payable to a third party?

Unfortunately not. All withdrawals will be made out ONLY in the name of the account holder. There will also be no issuance of any cash cheques.

Can I switch between unit trust funds?

Yes. A unit holder can switch all or parts of his/her investments of a particular Fund to the Units of another Fund managed by Pheim Unit Trusts.

Step 1: Complete the Transaction Form
Complete and sign the Transaction Form for redemption and switching purposes.

Step 2: Submit the Transaction Form
Submit the original copy of the transaction form to Pheim.

For more switching details, please contact our friendly customer service officer (603) 2142-8888 or e-mail to support@pheimunittrusts.com

Are there any charges for switching?

For switches between any of the Funds, a unit holder will be given 1 free switch per account per calendar year. For any subsequent switching request during the year, unit holders will be charged a 1% switching fee of the repurchase proceeds or RM100, whichever is lower. The fees will be deducted from the repurchase proceeds.

Distribution Policy & Tax Related Issues

How do distributions come about?

Distributions come about when the Funds earn money from the dividends and profits realised from the underlying assets in which the External Fund Manager invests in.

When will distributions be declared?

Distributions (if any) will usually be declared at the end of a financial year or any specified period as may be approved by the Trustee.

Are distributions fixed?

No.

How are distributions paid?

By selecting the proper option in the Master Trust Application Form, unit holders may choose their distributions to be:

  • Paid out – cheque sent to your registered address
  • Reinvested into additional units of that Fund.
    • All income reinvestments will be effected based on the NAV per unit as at the end of the distribution date. The income will be credited at the NAV per unit.

All income reinvestments will not be subject to the minimum additional investment requirement.

What happens if the unit holder fails to bank in the income distribution cheque with in six (6) months from the date of issue?

The units will automatically be reinvested into additional units of that Fund.

Is it beneficial to reinvest the distribution or cash out?

It is generally considered beneficial to reinvest the distribution because reinvestment provides a convenient and cost effective way for you to increase your investment in the Fund without incurring any charges e.g. sales charge.

Can I be allowed to change my distribution instruction?

Yes you can. A unit holder may notify Pheim Unit Trusts 14 Business Days prior to the distribution date on any change of income distribution instructions.

Is it better to invest prior to a distribution?

There is no difference between investing just prior or after a distribution. This is because the Funds’ unit trust pricing would be adjusted after the distribution to reflect the amount that has been paid out.

Do I need to pay tax on the capital gains derived from the principal investment?

No. Under the Malaysian law, there are no capital gains taxes being imposed on unit trust investments.

Are cash distributions subject to tax?

Yes, income distribution received from a unit trust by a unit holder or beneficiary (whether an individual, company or institution) is treated like any other investment income and would fall under the Income Tax Act 1967. However, since the cash distribution has already been taxed at source (before the distribution), you are entitled to claim a tax credit. A tax voucher will thus be sent to you at the end of Calendar year for tax credit against your tax liabilities.